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Painting by Antonio Jacobsen, 1903
Painting by Antonio Jacobsen, 1903

SS Kroonland was an ocean liner for International Mercantile Marine (IMM) from her launch in 1902 until she was scrapped in 1927. When completed by William Cramp & Sons of Philadelphia, she was the largest-ever United States steamship. Kroonland sailed for IMM's Red Star Line for 12 years, mostly on the route between New York City and Antwerp, and later sailed for IMM's American Line and Panama Pacific Line. Kroonland was one of ten ships that came to the aid of the burning liner Volturno in the mid-Atlantic in October 1913. Despite stormy seas, Kroonland took aboard 89 survivors. In 1915, she became the largest passenger vessel to that point to pass through the Panama Canal. During and after World War I, the ship served as U.S. Army transport USAT Kroonland through April 1918, and as the Navy auxiliary USS Kroonland (ID-1541) from April 1918 to October 1919. After being returned to IMM, she continued on various passenger routes until 1926. She was sold and scrapped the following year. (Full article...)

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