1914

Source From Wikipedia English.

1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1914 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1914
MCMXIV
Ab urbe condita2667
Armenian calendar1363
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԳ
Assyrian calendar6664
Baháʼí calendar70–71
Balinese saka calendar1835–1836
Bengali calendar1321
Berber calendar2864
British Regnal yearGeo. 5 – 5 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2458
Burmese calendar1276
Byzantine calendar7422–7423
Chinese calendar癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4611 or 4404
    — to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
4612 or 4405
Coptic calendar1630–1631
Discordian calendar3080
Ethiopian calendar1906–1907
Hebrew calendar5674–5675
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1970–1971
 - Shaka Samvat1835–1836
 - Kali Yuga5014–5015
Holocene calendar11914
Igbo calendar914–915
Iranian calendar1292–1293
Islamic calendar1332–1333
Japanese calendarTaishō 3
(大正3年)
Javanese calendar1843–1845
Juche calendar3
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4247
Minguo calendarROC 3
民國3年
Nanakshahi calendar446
Thai solar calendar2456–2457
Tibetan calendar阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
2040 or 1659 or 887
    — to —
阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
2041 or 1660 or 888

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

 
This picture of the arrest of a suspect in Sarajevo is usually associated with the arrest of Gavrilo Princip, although some believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander.

July

 
Map of European alliances in 1914

August

 
Mobilization in Germany.
 
London Daily Mail on Aug 5

September

 
Pope Benedict XV, the new pope

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

 
Noor Inayat Khan

February

 
William S. Burroughs
 
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
 
Robert Alda

March

 
Juan Carlos Onganía
 
Norman Borlaug
 
Edmund Muskie
 
Octavio Paz

April

 
Alec Guinness
 
María Félix

May

 
Tyrone Power
 
Hank Snow
 
Joe Louis

June

 
Yuri Andropov
 
E.G. Marshall

July

 
Christl Cranz
 
Willi Stoph
 
Jo Cals
 
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin
 
Clayton Moore
 
Adolfo Bioy Casares
 
Thor Heyerdahl
 
Juanita Moore
 
Jonas Salk
 
Hedy Lamarr

August

September

October

November

 
Abd al-Karim Qasim
 
Joe DiMaggio

December

 
Dorothy Lamour
 
Karl Carstens

Date unknown

Deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

 
Leonie Aviat

February

 
Per Pålsson

March

 
Carlos Felipe Morales
 
George Westinghouse
 
Christian Morgenstern

April

 
Empress Shōken
 
Elena Guerra
 
Eduard Suess

May

 
Élisabeth Leseur
 
Eugenio Montero Ríos

June

 
Abraam
 
Bertha von Suttner
 
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

July

August

 
Roque Saenz Peña
 
Pope Pius X

September

 
Mostafa Fahmy Pasha
 
August Macke

October

 
Carol I of Romania
 
Julio Argentino Roca
 
José Evaristo Uriburu

November

 
August Weismann

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

 

References

Primary sources and year books

Further reading

  • Beatty, Jack. The Lost History of 1914: Reconsidering the Year the Great War Began (1912) excerpt; argues the war was not inevitable
  • Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume 1 1900-1933 (1997); global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfare; pp 297–349; emphasis on World War I