Dendrocalamus

Source From Wikipedia English.

Dendrocalamus is a tropical Asian genus of giant clumping bamboos in the grass family. It is found in the Indian subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia.

Dendrocalamus
Dendrocalamus spp.
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Bambusinae
Genus: Dendrocalamus
Nees
Type species
Dendrocalamus strictus
(Roxb.) Nees
Synonyms
  • Klemachloa R.Parker
  • Sinocalamus McClure
  • Sellulocalamus W.T.Lin

Dendrocalamus giganteus is one of the tallest of bamboos, capable of reaching heights up to 46 m.

Species

The following are included:

  1. Dendrocalamus asper – S China, SE Asia, Indian subcontinent
  2. Dendrocalamus bambusoides – Yunnan
  3. Dendrocalamus barbatus – Yunnan
  4. Dendrocalamus bengkalisensis – Riau Is
  5. Dendrocalamus birmanicus – Yunnan, Myanmar
  6. Dendrocalamus brandisii – Yunnan , Indochina, Andaman Is
  7. Dendrocalamus buar – Sumatra
  8. Dendrocalamus calostachyus – Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan, Yunnan, Myanmar
  9. Dendrocalamus cinctus – Sri Lanka
  10. Dendrocalamus collettianus – Myanmar
  11. Dendrocalamus detinens – Myanmar
  12. Dendrocalamus dumosus – Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  13. Dendrocalamus elegans – Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  14. Dendrocalamus exauritus – Guangxi
  15. Dendrocalamus farinosus – Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan, Vietnam
  16. Dendrocalamus fugongensis – Yunnan
  17. Dendrocalamus giganteus – Yunnan, Assam, West Bengal, Laos, Myanmar; naturalized in Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Cambodia, Thailand, Ecuador, Trinidad, Puerto Rico
  18. Dendrocalamus hait – Sumatra
  19. Dendrocalamus hamiltonii – Yunnan, Nepal, eastern Himalayas, northern Indochina
  20. Dendrocalamus hirtellus – Peninsular Malaysia
  21. Dendrocalamus hookeri – eastern Himalayas, Myanmar
  22. Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis – Yunnan
  23. Dendrocalamus khoonmengii – Thailand
  24. Dendrocalamus latiflorus – southern China, northern Indochina; naturalized in Ryukyu Is, Bonin Is, Cuba, Brazil
  25. Dendrocalamus liboensis – Guizhou
  26. Dendrocalamus longispathus – Indochina, Assam, Bangladesh
  27. Dendrocalamus macroculmis – Vietnam
  28. Dendrocalamus manipureanus – Manipur
  29. Dendrocalamus membranaceus – Indochina, Yunnan, Bangladesh
  30. Dendrocalamus menglongensis – Guangdong
  31. Dendrocalamus merrillianus – Philippines
  32. Dendrocalamus messeri – Myanmar
  33. Dendrocalamus minor – Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou
  34. Dendrocalamus multiflosculus H.N.Nguyen, N.H.Xia & V.T.Nguyen
  35. Dendrocalamus nianhei V.T.Nguyen & V.L.Le
  36. Dendrocalamus nudus – Thailand
  37. Dendrocalamus pachycladus Hsueh, D.Z.Li & C.M.Hui
  38. Dendrocalamus pachystachys – Yunnan
  39. Dendrocalamus parishii – western Himalayas
  40. Dendrocalamus parvigemma – Vietnam
  41. Dendrocalamus peculiaris – Yunnan
  42. Dendrocalamus pendulus – Peninsular Malaysia
  43. Dendrocalamus phuthoensis H.N.Nguyen, V.T.Nguyen & V.L.Le
  44. Dendrocalamus poilanei – Vietnam
  45. Dendrocalamus pulverulentus – Guangdong
  46. Dendrocalamus sahnii – Arunachal Pradesh
  47. Dendrocalamus semiscandens – Yunnan
  48. Dendrocalamus sericeus – Bihar, Laos, Vietnam
  49. Dendrocalamus sikkimensis – Sikkim, Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh, Yunnan
  50. Dendrocalamus sinicus – Yunnan, Laos
  51. Dendrocalamus sinuatus – Peninsular Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam
  52. Dendrocalamus somdevae – Uttarakhand
  53. Dendrocalamus strictus – India, Indochina; naturalized in West Indies, Java, Malaysia, some islands in Indian Ocean
  54. Dendrocalamus suberosus – Guangdong
  55. Dendrocalamus tibeticus – Tibet, Yunnan
  56. Dendrocalamus tomentosus – Yunnan
  57. Dendrocalamus triamus – Guangdong
  58. Dendrocalamus tsiangii – Sichuan, Guangxi, Guizhou
  59. Dendrocalamus wabo – Myanmar
  60. Dendrocalamus xishuangbannaensis – Yunnan, Vietnam
  61. Dendrocalamus yunnanicus
formerly included

see Ampelocalamus Bambusa Gigantochloa Neololeba Pseudoxytenanthera

  • Dendrocalamus affinis – Bambusa emeiensis
  • Dendrocalamus balcooa – Bambusa balcooa
  • Dendrocalamus copelandii – Bambusa copelandii
  • Dendrocalamus criticus – Bambusa pallida
  • Dendrocalamus curranii – Gigantochloa levis
  • Dendrocalamus factitius – Bambusa sinospinosa var. inermis
  • Dendrocalamus forbesii – Neololeba atra
  • Dendrocalamus griffithianus – Bambusa griffithiana
  • Dendrocalamus inermis – Bambusa sinospinosa var. inermis
  • Dendrocalamus latifolius – Neololeba atra
  • Dendrocalamus mianningensis – Ampelocalamus mianningensis
  • Dendrocalamus microcephalus – Bambusa microcephala
  • Dendrocalamus monadelphus – Pseudoxytenanthera monadelpha
  • Dendrocalamus multispiculatus – Neololeba atra
  • Dendrocalamus papuanus – Neololeba atra]]
  • Dendrocalamus patellaris – Ampelocalamus patellaris
  • Dendrocalamus rongchengensis – Bambusa rongchengensis
  • Dendrocalamus stenoauritus – Bambusa stenoaurita
  • Dendrocalamus stocksii – Pseudoxytenanthera stocksii
  • Dendrocalamus tulda – Bambusa tulda

References