National Democratic Alliance

Source From Wikipedia English.

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA; ISO: Rāṣṭrīya Lokatāṁtrika Gaṭhabaṁdhana) is a centre-right to right-wing conservative Indian political alliance led by the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It was founded on 15 May 1998 and currently controls the government of India as well as the government of 19 Indian states and one Union territory.

National Democratic Alliance
Rāṣṭrīya Lokatāṁtrika Gaṭhabaṁdhana
AbbreviationNDA
ChairmanAmit Shah
(Union Cabinet Minister)
Lok Sabha LeaderNarendra Modi
(Prime Minister)
Rajya Sabha LeaderPiyush Goyal
(Union Cabinet Minister)
Founder
Founded15 May 1998; 26 years ago (1998-05-15)
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
ECI StatusRegistered
Alliance40 parties
Seats in Lok Sabha
293 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
113 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
2,112 / 4,036
Seats in State Legislative Councils
181 / 423
Number of states and union territories in government
20 / 31

Its first chairman was then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the former Deputy Prime Minister, took over as chairman in 2004 and served until 2014, and Amit Shah has been the chairman since 2014. The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 general elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%. Its leader Narendra Modi was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%. The alliance lost 60 seats in the 2024 general election, but retained enough to form a coalition government, a first in over 10 years. On 7 June 2024, Modi confirmed the support of 293 MPs to Droupadi Murmu, the President of India. This marked Modi's third term as Prime Minister and his first time heading a coalition government, with the Telugu Desam Party of Andhra Pradesh and Janata Dal (United) of Bihar emerging as two main allies.

History

 
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, first Prime Minister from NDA
 
Narendra Modi, second and current Prime Minister from NDA

The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. The main aim of the NDA was to form an anti-Indian National Congress coalition. It was led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samata Party and the AIADMK, as well as Shiv Sena, but Shiv Sena broke away from the alliance in 2019 to join the Maha Vikas Aghadi with Congress and the NCP. Samata Party also broke away from alliance in 2003 after formation of Janta Dal (United). The Shiv Sena was the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP. After the election, it was able to muster a slim majority with outside support from the Telugu Desam Party, allowing Atal Bihari Vajpayee to return as prime minister.

The government collapsed within a year because the AIADMK withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, and this time served a full five-year term.

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have argued that the NDA's defeat was due to a failure to reach out to the rural masses. The scenario however changed quickly with the rise of Gujarat CM Narendra Modi who went on to become India's PM from 2014 onwards. The NDA currently has a supermajority government in the Lok Sabha.

Structure

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies.

Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener. Later in 2018, after the withdrawal of TDP from NDA the post of convenor was vacant. However NDA allies like LJP demanded the appointment of a convenor in 2019 for better coordination of the allies.

On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the help of BJP formed the government in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years.

Strength in parliament

Party Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha States/UTs
Bharatiya Janata Party 240 90 National party
National People's Party 0 1 National party
Telugu Desam Party 16 0 Andhra Pradesh
Janata Dal (United) 12 4 Bihar
Shiv Sena 7 1 Maharashtra
Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) 5 0 Bihar
Rashtriya Lok Dal 2 1 Uttar Pradesh
Janata Dal (Secular) 2 1 Karnataka
Jana Sena Party 2 0 Andhra Pradesh
Asom Gana Parishad 1 1 Assam
United People's Party Liberal 1 1 Assam
All Jharkhand Students Union 1 0 Jharkhand
Apna Dal (Sonelal) 1 0 Uttar Pradesh
Hindustani Awam Morcha 1 0 Bihar
Nationalist Congress Party 1 1 Maharashtra
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 0 Sikkim
Pattali Makkal Katchi 0 1 Tamil Nadu
Republican Party of India (Athawale) 0 1 Maharashtra
Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar) 0 1 Tamil Nadu
Naga People's Front 0 0 Nagaland
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 0 0 Nagaland
Amma Makkal Munnettra Kazagam 0 0 Tamil Nadu
Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party 0 0 Uttar Pradesh
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 0 0 Goa
All India N.R. Congress 0 0 Puducherry
Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party 0 0 Bihar
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena 0 0 Kerala
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura 0 0 Tripura
Prahar Janshakti Party 0 0 Maharashtra
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha 0 0 Maharashtra
United Democratic Party 0 0 Meghalaya
Hill State People's Democratic Party 0 0 Meghalaya
Haryana Lokhit Party 0 0 Haryana
Kerala Kamaraj Congress 0 0 Kerala
Gorkha National Liberation Front 0 0 West Bengal
Jan Surajya Shakti 0 0 Maharashtra
IND 0 2 Tamil Nadu, Haryana
NOM 0 7 None
Total 293 113 India

Governments

The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Delhi and Jharkhand. It has also ruled Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh as part of coalition and alliance governments.

The NDA has never been in power in 3 states – Kerala, Telangana (between 1999 and 2004 BJP in alliance with TDP ruled a United Andhra Pradesh), and West Bengal. But BJP led NDA has ruled many local governing institutions including corporations, municipalities, panchayats and has also been elected to many Lok Sabha constituencies, state assembly constituencies and local body divisions and wards in these 3 states.

List of current NDA governments

 
States Run by NDA Government
S.No State/UT NDA Govt since Chief Minister Alliance Partners Seats

Last election

Name Party Seats Since
1 Andhra Pradesh
(list)
12 June 2024 N. Chandrababu Naidu TDP 135 12 June 2024 JSP (21) 164/175 4 June 2024
BJP (8)
2 Arunachal Pradesh
(list)
16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 46 16 September 2016 NPP (4) 54/60 2 June 2024
NCP (41)
3 Assam
(list)
19 May 2016 Himanta Biswa Sarma BJP 61 10 May 2021 AGP (7) 74/126 2 May 2021
UPPL (7)
4 Bihar
(list)
28 January 2024 Nitish Kumar JD (U) 47 28 January 2024 BJP (82) 133/243 10 November 2020
HAM(S) (3)
IND (1)
5 Chhattisgarh
(list)
13 December 2023 Vishnu Deo Sai BJP 53 13 December 2023 None 53/90 3 December 2023
6 Goa
(list)
6 March 2012 Pramod Sawant BJP 28 19 March 2019 MGP (2) 33/40 10 March 2022
IND (3)
7 Gujarat
(list)
28 February 1998 Bhupendra Patel BJP 161 13 September 2021 IND (2) 163/182 8 December 2022
8 Haryana
(list)
19 October 2014 Nayab Singh Saini BJP 41 12 March 2024 HLP (1) 43/90 24 October 2019
IND (1)
9 Madhya Pradesh
(list)
23 March 2020 Mohan Yadav BJP 164 13 December 2023 None 164/230 3 December 2023
10 Maharashtra
(list)
30 June 2022 Eknath Shinde SHS 38 30 June 2022 BJP (103) 200/288 24 October 2019
NCP (40)
PJP (2)
RSP (1)
JSS (1)
MNS (1)
IND (14)
11 Manipur
(list)
15 March 2017 N. Biren Singh BJP 37 15 March 2017 NPP (7) 52/60 10 March 2022
NPF (5)
JD(U) (1)
IND (2)
12 Meghalaya
(list)
6 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 28 6 March 2018 UDP (12) 46/60 2 March 2023
BJP (2)
HSPDP (2)
IND (2)
13 Nagaland
(list)
8 March 2018 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 25 8 March 2018 BJP (12) 58/60 2 March 2023
NCP (7)
NPP (5)
RPI(A) (2)
LJP(RV) (2)
IND (5)
14 Odisha
(list)
12 June 2024 Mohan Charan Majhi BJP 78 12 June 2024 IND (3) 81/147 4 June 2024
15 Puducherry
(list)
7 May 2021 N. Rangasamy AINRC 10 7 May 2021 BJP (9) 25/33 2 May 2021
IND (6)
16 Rajasthan
(list)
15 December 2023 Bhajan Lal Sharma BJP 115 15 December 2023 SHS (2) 124/200 3 December 2023
RLD (1)
IND (6)
17 Sikkim
(list)
27 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 31 27 May 2019 None 31/32 2 June 2024
18 Tripura
(list)
9 March 2018 Manik Saha BJP 33 15 May 2022 TMP (13) 47/60 2 March 2023
IPFT (1)
19 Uttar Pradesh
(list)
17 March 2017 Yogi Adityanath BJP 252 17 March 2017 AD(S) (13) 284/403 10 March 2022
RLD (8)
SBSP (6)
NP (5)
20 Uttarakhand
(list)
18 March 2017 Pushkar Singh Dhami BJP 47 3 July 2021 None 47/70 10 March 2022

Strength in legislative assemblies

Strength in state legislative assemblies

State/UT Seats BJP NDA Overall Tally CM from Ref(s)
Andhra Pradesh 175 8 TDP(135)
164 / 175
TDP
JSP (21)
Arunachal Pradesh 60 46 NPP (5)
54 / 60
BJP
NCP (3)
Assam 126 61 AGP (7)
74 / 126
BJP
UPPL (6)
Bihar 243 82 JD(U) (47)
133 / 243
JD(U)
HAM(S) (3)
IND (1)
Chhattisgarh 90 53 None
53 / 90
BJP
Delhi 70 7 None
7 / 70
AAP
Goa 40 28 MGP (2)
33 / 40
BJP
IND (3)
Gujarat 182 161 IND (2)
163 / 182
BJP
Haryana 90 41 HLP (1)
43 / 90
BJP
IND (1)
Himachal Pradesh 68 27 None
27 / 68
INC
Jammu and Kashmir 90 NA
Jharkhand 81 24 AJSU (3)
30 / 81
JMM
NCP (1)
IND (2)
Karnataka 224 66 JD(S) (18)
84 / 224
INC
Kerala 140 0 None
0 / 140
CPI(M)
Madhya Pradesh 230 164 None
164 / 230
BJP
Maharashtra 288 103 NCP (40)
199 / 288
SHS
SHS (38)
PJP (2)
RSP (1)
JSS (1)
IND (14)
Manipur 60 37 NPP (7)
53 / 60
BJP
NPF (5)
JD(U) (1)
IND (3)
Meghalaya 60 2 NPP (28)
46 / 60
NPP
UDP(12)
HSPDP (2)
IND (2)
Mizoram 40 2 None
2 / 40
ZPM
Nagaland 60 12 NDPP (25)
58 / 60
NDPP
NCP (7)
NPP (5)
RPI(A) (2)
LJP(RV) (2)
IND (5)
Odisha 147 78 IND (3)
78 / 147
BJP
Puducherry 33 9 AINRC (10)
25 / 33
AINRC
IND (6)
Punjab 117 2 None
2 / 117
AAP
Rajasthan 200 115 SHS (2)
124 / 200
BJP
RLD (1)
IND (6)
Sikkim 32 0 SKM (31)
31 / 32
SKM
Tamil Nadu 234 4 PMK (5)
13 / 234
DMK
OPS Faction (4)
Telangana 119 8 None
8 / 119
INC
Tripura 60 33 TMP (13)
47 / 60
BJP
IPFT (1)
Uttar Pradesh 403 252 AD(S) (13)
284 / 403
BJP
RLD (8)
SBSP (6)
NISHAD (5)
Uttarakhand 70 47 None
47 / 70
BJP
West Bengal 294 66 None
66 / 294
AITC
Total 4126 1,538 563
2,112 / 4,036
NDA (20) 31

List of presidents and vice presidents

Note that it refers to nomination by alliance, as the offices of President and Vice President are apolitical.

Presidents

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates

Time in office

Previous post Vice president Party
11   A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)
25 July 2002 25 July 2007 Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India Krishan Kant (2002)

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (2002–2007)

Independent  
2002
5 years
Kalam was an educator and engineer who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs. He also received the Bharat Ratna. He was popularly known as "People's President".
14   Ram Nath Kovind
(b.1945)
25 July 2017 25 July 2022 Governor of Bihar Mohammad Hamid Ansari (2017)

Venkaiah Naidu (2017–2022)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2017
5 years
Kovind was governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 2006. He is the second Dalit president (after K. R. Narayanan) and is the first president from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and is an active member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since his youth.
15   Droupadi Murmu
(b.1958)
25 July 2022 Incumbent Governor of Jharkhand Venkaiah Naidu (2022)

Jagdeep Dhankhar (2022–)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2022
1 year, 330 days
Murmu was governor of Jharkhand from 2015 to 2021 and the Member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 2000 to 2009. She held several ministerial portfolios in Government of Odisha. She is the first Tribal and second female President of India and is the second president from the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Vice presidents

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Elected
(% votes)
Took office Left office Term President Party
11   Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
(1925–2010)
2002
(59.82)
19 August 2002 21 July 2007 4 years, 336 days A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Bharatiya Janata Party
13   Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
(b. 1949)
2017
(67.89)
11 August 2017 11 August 2022 5 years Ram Nath Kovind
14   Jagdeep Dhankhar
(b. 1951)
2022
(74.50)
11 August 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 313 days Droupadi Murmu

List of prime ministers

No. Prime ministers Portrait Term in office Lok Sabha Cabinet Constituency Party
Start End Tenure
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee   19 March 1998 10 October 1999 6 years, 64 days 12th Vajpayee II Lucknow Bharatiya Janata Party  
10 October 1999 22 May 2004 13th Vajpayee III
2 Narendra Modi   26 May 2014 30 May 2019 10 years, 24 days 16th Modi I Varanasi
30 May 2019 9 June 2024 17th Modi II
9 June 2024 Incumbent 18th Modi III

List of deputy prime ministers

No. Deputy Prime minister Portrait Term in office Lok Sabha Prime Minister Constituency
Start End Tenure
1 L. K. Advani   29 June 2002 22 May 2004 1 year, 328 days 13th Atal Bihari Vajpayee Gandhinagar

List of chief ministers

Chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait Cabinet
1. Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu   Naidu IV
2. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu   Pema Khandu V
3. Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma   Sarma I
4. Bihar Nitish Kumar   Kumar IX
5. Chhattisgarh Vishnu Deo Sai   Sai I
6. Goa Pramod Sawant   Pramod Sawant II
7. Gujarat Bhupendrabhai Patel   Bhupendrabhai Patel II
8. Haryana Nayab Singh Saini   Saini I
9. Madhya Pradesh Mohan Yadav   Mohan Yadav I
10. Maharashtra Eknath Shinde
 
Eknath Shinde I
11. Manipur N. Biren Singh   N. Biren Singh II
12. Meghalaya Conrad Sangma   Conrad Sangma II
13. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio   Neiphiu Rio V
14. Odisha Mohan Charan Majhi   Majhi I
15. Puducherry N. Rangaswamy   N. Rangaswamy IV
16. Rajasthan Bhajan Lal Sharma   Sharma I
17. Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang   Prem Singh Tamang II
18. Tripura Manik Saha   Manik Saha II
19. Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath   Yogi Adityanath II
20. Uttarakhand Pushkar Singh Dhami   Pushkar Singh Dhami II

List of deputy chief ministers

Deputy chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait
1. Andhra Pradesh Pawan Kalyan  
2. Arunachal Pradesh Chowna Mein  
3. Bihar Samrat Choudhary  
Vijay Kumar Sinha  
4. Chhattisgarh Arun Sao  
Vijay Sharma  
5. Madhya Pradesh Jagdish Devda  
Rajendra Shukla  
6. Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis  
Ajit Pawar  
7. Meghalaya Prestone Tynsong  
Sniawbhalang Dhar
8. Nagaland T. R. Zeliang  
Yanthungo Patton  
9. Odisha Kanak Vardhan Singh Deo  
Pravati Parida  
10. Rajasthan Diya Kumari  
Prem Chand Bairwa  
11. Uttar Pradesh Brijesh Pathak  
Keshav Prasad Maurya  

Member parties

As of March 2024, there are 39 political parties that are members of the alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party and the National People's Party are the only two political parties being recognised by the Election Commission of India as national parties. Other parties in the alliance are either recognised as state level parties or unrecognised parties.

Candidates in elections

Lok Sabha general elections

List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 1998 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 1999 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2004 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2009 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2014 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2019 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2024 Indian general election

Electoral history

Lok Sabha 1998 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 388 182   21
2 All India Trinamool Congress West Bengal 28 7   7
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
23 18   18
4 Samata Party
  • Bihar
  • Uttar Pradesh
23 12   4
5 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
22 6   9
6 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 9   9
7 Lok Shakti
  • Karnataka
  • Nagaland
11 3   3
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 8 8  
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 5 4   4
10 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 5 3   3
11 Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 4 1   2
12 NTR Telugu Desam Party (LP) Andhra Pradesh 3 0  
13 Janata Dal
  • Punjab
  • Bihar
2 2   45
14 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur 1 1   1
15 Janata Party Tamil Nadu 1 1   1
16 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1   1
17 Satnam Singh Kainth (independent candidate supported by BJP) Punjab 1 1   1
18 Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy (independent candidate supported by BJP) Tamil Nadu 1 1   1
19 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 1   1
20 Suresh Kalmadi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Maharashtra 1 0   1
Total NDA candidates 541 261   75

Lok Sabha 1999 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 339 182  
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Kerala
  • Rajasthan
  • Lakshadweep
41 21   21
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 34 29   17
4 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Tripura
29 8   1
5 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 15   9
6 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 19 12  
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 10   1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 9 2   6
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
8 5   1
10 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 5   5
11 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 5 4   1
12 Akhil Bharatiya Loktantrik Congress Uttar Pradesh 4 2   2
13 Bihar People's Party Bihar 2 0  
14 Himachal Vikas Congress Himachal Pradesh 1 1   1
15 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur 1 1   1
16 MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 1 1   1
17 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1  
18 Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0
19 Democratic Bahujan Samaj Morcha Punjab 1 0
20 Arunachal Congress Arunachal Pradesh 1 0
21 Socialist Republican Party Kerala 1 0
22 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 1  
23 Vanlalzawma (independent candidate supported by BJP) Mizoram 1 1   1
24 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (independent candidate supported by BJP) Assam 1 1   1
25 Pawan Pandey (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 0
26 Natabar Bagdi (independent candidate supported by BJP) West Bengal 1 0
27 Elwin Teron (independent candidate supported by BJP) Assam 1 0
Total NDA candidates 543 302   57

Lok Sabha 2004 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 364 138   44
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Lakshadweep
  • Assam
33 8   13
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 33 5   24
4 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 33 0   10
5 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Meghalaya
  • Tripura
31 2   6
6 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 12   3
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 11   1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 8   6
9 Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 1 1   13
10 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1  
11 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1   1
12 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1 1   1
13 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Assam 1 1   1
Total NDA Candidates 543 189   113

Lok Sabha 2009 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 433 116   22
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Uttar Pradesh
32 20   12
3 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu
24 11   1
4 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 4   4
5 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 7 5   2
6 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 6 1   5
7 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 0   5
8 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1  
9 Ajitrao Ghorpade (independent candidate supported by BJP) Maharashtra 1 0   1
10 H. Lallungmuana (independent candidate supported by BJP) Mizoram 1 0   1
Total 520 158   31

Lok Sabha 2014 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 422 282   166
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 30 16   10
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 23 18   7
4 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 14 0  
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 4  
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 8 1  
7 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 7 0  
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 7 6   2
9 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 3 3
10 Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 2 2
11 Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2 1
12 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2 0
13 All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 1 1
14 National People's Party Meghalaya 1 1
15 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0
17 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0
18 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0
19 Republican Party of India (A) Maharashtra 1 0
20 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1 0
21 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 1 0
22 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 1 0
23 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1 0
24 Urkhao Gwra Brahma (Independent candidate) Assam 1 0
Total NDA Candidates 542 336  178

Contested on BJP symbol lotus

Lok Sabha 2019 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 437 303   21
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra 23 18  
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 20 1   36
4 Janata Dal (United) Bihar 17 16   14
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 2   2
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 7 0   1
7 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 6 6  
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala 4 0 New
9 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 4 0  
10 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 3 0  
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh 2 2 New
12 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 1 1   1
13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland 1 1 New
14 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan 1 1 New
15 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0 New
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0  
17 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu 1 0  
18 Bodoland People's Front Assam 1 0  
19 Kerala Congress (Thomas) Kerala 1 0 New
20 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry 1 0   1
21 Sumalatha (independent candidate supported by BJP) Karnataka 1 1   1
Total 543 352   16

Contested on AIADMK two leaves symbol

Lok Sabha 2024 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 437 240   63
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 17 16   13
3 Janata Dal (United) Bihar 16 12   4
4 Shiv Sena Maharasthra 15 7   11
5 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 10 0  
6 Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) Bihar 5 5 New
7 Nationalist Congress Party Maharashtra Lakshadweep 5 1   4
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala 4 0  
9 Janata Dal (Secular) Karnataka 3 2   1
10 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu 3 0  
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh 2 1   1
12 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 2 1   1
13 Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2 0  
14 Jana Sena Party Andhra Pradesh 2 2   2
15 National People's Party Meghalaya 2 0   1
16 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 2 2   2
17 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 1 1  
18 Hindustani Awam Morcha Bihar 1 1   1
19 Naga People's Front Manipur 1 0   1
20 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland 1 0   1
21 Rashtriya Lok Morcha Bihar 1 0 New
22 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1 0  
23 Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party Uttar Pradesh 1 0  
24 United People's Party Liberal Assam 1 1   1
25 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0  
26 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0  
27 Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 1 0  
28 Inthiya Makkal Kalvi Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 1 0  
29 O. Panneerselvam (independent candidate supported by BJP) Tamil Nadu 1 0
30 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Maharashtra DNC DNC DNC
Total 540 292   60

Contested by BJP symbol lotus

Electoral performance

Election Seats won Change Total votes Share of votes Swing Status NDA Leader
1998
265 / 543
New 150,679,142 40.90% New Government Atal Bihari Vajpayee
1999
302 / 543
 37 149,823,824 41.12%  3.84% Government Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2004
188 / 543
 114 141,623,671 36.34%  2.52% Opposition Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2009
158 / 543
 30 101,361,535 24.30%  4.94% Opposition L. K. Advani
2014
336 / 543
 178 211,784,403 38.66%  12.00% Government Narendra Modi
2019
353 / 543
 17 272,836,794 44.90%  10.28% Government Narendra Modi
2024
293 / 543
 60 TBD TBD TBD Government Narendra Modi

Timeline

2009

2011

2012

Presidential election
Vice-Presidential election

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

  • On 7 January 2019, the AGP withdrew from the NDA and also from the Assam Government on the issue of citizenship amendment bill.
  • On 21 January 2019, the GJM withdrew from the NDA and extended the support to Mamata Banerjee .
  • On 19 February 2019, AIADMK and PMK rejoined NDA and BJP announced that "They will contest 5 Lok sabha seats in Tamil Nadu".
  • On 19 February 2019, Pattali Makkal Katchi rejoined NDA
  • BJP announced that "They will contest 5 Lok sabha seats in Tamil Nadu".
  • On 10 March 2019, DMDK rejoined NDA.
  • On 8 March 2019 in Sikkim, BJP joined hands with opposition party SKM
  • On 12 March 2019 in Assam, BJP joined hands with old ally AGP
  • On 12 March 2019 in Maharashtra, Rayat Kranti Sanghatana is a part of NDA
  • On 25 March 2019 in Tamil Nadu, Puthiya Needhi Katchi is a part of Alliance
  • On 4 April 2019 in Rajasthan, BJP joined hands with the RLP
  • On 5 April 2019 in Uttar Pradesh, Nishad Party joined hands with NDA
  • On 23 May 2019 NDA won the 2019 Indian General election with record breaking 352 seats with its allys
  • In May 2019, NDA lost state elections of Andhra Pradesh & Odisha
  • In May 2019, NDA won the state elections of Arunachal Pradesh & Sikkim.
  • On 25 October 2019 in Haryana,

JJP joined hands with NDA to forming a stable government at Haryana with BJP

Shiv Sena exited from the NDA, as BJP was not willing to agree for Sharing CM Post with Shiv Sena to form government in Maharashtra.

  • In November 2019, NDA won the state election of Haryana
  • In November 2019, NDA lost the state election of Maharashtra
  • On 15 November 2019 in Jharkhand,

BJP, AJSU sever ties in Jharkhand days before Assembly elections 2019.

  • On 23 November 2019 in Maharashtra, NCP (Ajit Pawar Faction) joined NDA, Ajit Pawar took oath as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister.
  • On 26 November 2019 in Maharashtra, Ajit Pawar resigns as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister. With immediate effect Devendra Fadnvis also resigns from the post of CM of Maharashtra. His term becomes the shortest term as Maharashtra's Chief Minister.
  • In December 2019, NDA lost the state election of Jharkhand.

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

See also

Notes

References