Puy-de-Dôme

Source From Wikipedia English.

Puy-de-Dôme (French: [pɥi dom] ; Auvergnat: lo Puèi de Doma or lo Puèi Domat) is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in the centre of France. In 2021, it had a population of 662,285. Its prefecture is Clermont-Ferrand and subprefectures are Ambert, Issoire, Riom, and Thiers.

Puy-de-Dôme
Puèi Domat (Occitan)
Prefecture building in Clermont-Ferrand
Flag of Puy-de-Dôme
Coat of arms of Puy-de-Dôme
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Coordinates: 45°42′N 3°13′E / 45.700°N 3.217°E / 45.700; 3.217
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
PrefectureClermont-Ferrand
SubprefecturesAmbert
Issoire
Riom
Thiers
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilLionel Chauvin
Area
 • Total7,970 km2 (3,080 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total662,285
 • Rank38th
 • Density83/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number63
Arrondissements5
Cantons31
Communes464
Websitepuy-de-dome.fr
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Named after the Puy de Dôme dormant volcano, its inhabitants were called Puydedomois in French until 2005. With effect from 2006, in response to a letter writing campaign, the name used for the inhabitants was changed by the Puy-de-Dôme General Council to Puydômois; this is the name that has since then been used in all official documents and publications.

History

Puy-de-Dôme is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Auvergne. Originally, the department was to be called Mont-d'Or ("Golden Mountain"), but this was changed to Puy-de-Dôme following the intervention of Jean-François Gaultier de Biauzat, a local deputy, because of a concern that the name originally chosen risked attracting excessive unwelcome attention from the national taxation authorities.

Geography

Puy-de-Dôme is part of the current region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and is bordered by the departments of Loire, Haute-Loire, Cantal, Corrèze, Allier, and Creuse. Parts of the department belong to the Parc naturel régional des Volcans d'Auvergne and Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez.

The department is in the Massif Central and boasts more than 80 volcanic craters. It is three hours from Paris and an hour from Lyon by highways A71 and A89. The A75 links it to the Mediterranean Sea.

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Clermont-Ferrand, the prefecture. As of 2021, there are 10 communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants:

Commune Population (2021)
Clermont-Ferrand 147,327
Cournon-d'Auvergne 20,193
Riom 18,736
Chamalières 17,454
Issoire 15,014
Pont-du-Château 12,459
Thiers 11,633
Beaumont 10,650
Gerzat 10,258
Aubière 10,211
Source: INSEE - Municipal population

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801507,128—    
1806542,834+1.37%
1821553,410+0.13%
1831573,106+0.35%
1841591,458+0.32%
1851596,897+0.09%
1861576,409−0.35%
1872566,463−0.16%
1881566,064−0.01%
1891564,266−0.03%
1901544,194−0.36%
1911525,916−0.34%
1921490,560−0.69%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931500,590+0.20%
1936486,130−0.58%
1946478,903−0.15%
1954481,380+0.06%
1962508,928+0.70%
1968547,743+1.23%
1975580,033+0.82%
1982594,365+0.35%
1990598,213+0.08%
1999604,266+0.11%
2006623,463+0.45%
2011632,311+0.28%
2016650,700+0.57%
Sources:

Economy

The departmental seat, Clermont-Ferrand, is home to one of the country's best known manufacturing businesses and brands, Michelin. Thiers is the oldest industry place in Auvergne with its cutlery tradition from the 14th century.

The countryside lends itself to tourism and Puy-de-Dôme is a weekend destination for city dwellers. As of 2019, 10.1% of the usable homes in the department were being kept as second homes.

Politics

The department was the electoral constituency of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, who served as President of the Republic from 1974 to 1981. The president of the Departmental Council is Lionel Chauvin, elected in July 2021.

Current National Assembly Representatives

National Assembly Representatives to the 15th Legislature

Constituency Member Party
Puy-de-Dôme's 1st constituency Marianne Maximi La France Insoumise
Puy-de-Dôme's 2nd constituency Christine Pirès-Beaune Socialist Party
Puy-de-Dôme's 3rd constituency Laurence Vichnievsky MoDem
Puy-de-Dôme's 4th constituency Delphine Lingemann MoDem
Puy-de-Dôme's 5th constituency André Chassaigne French Communist Party

Tourism

See also

References

External links